Soccer teams, like many other businesses and individuals around the world, are stuck in financial limbo as the global COVID-19 pandemic has limited their income streams.
Forced into lockdown by the coronavirus, English teams outside the lucrative Premier League are facing an unprecedented period of financial uncertainty.
Championship, League One and League Two matches will not resume until 30 April at the earliest and even that date looks optimistic given the chaos caused by the pandemic.
A grim reality is taking hold in boardrooms around the country and some teams fear they could be forced out of business if football doesn’t return until after the summer.
To mitigate some of the effects, the Football League agreed a £50 million relief package, based on an early payment of bonuses, television money and an interest-free loan, to assist financially stricken clubs.
But reports this week claimed that will only be enough to tide clubs over for the next four weeks.
Cambridge chief executive officer Ian Mather admits the financial rescue package may not be enough, with the nightmare prospect of having to lay off staff a possibility.
“These are unprecedented times for all of us in so many different ways,” Mather said.
“One of the most concerning features of the situation for everyone is that there is no clarity as to when it will end.
“This (rescue package) is welcome news but the amount we can access is relatively small and it is far from a complete answer to the financial problem we are facing.
“We are looking at ways of reducing our cost base and this will include making some extremely difficult decisions when it comes to our staff.”
Without matchday revenue, it is likely that some clubs will ask their players to accept wage cuts if the lockdown continues into the summer.
In Scotland, top-flight outfit Hearts have already told their players and staff to take a 50 percent wage cut in a bid to stay afloat.
Steve Thompson, managing director of Dagenham, believes the fifth tier National League will need a bailout from the British government to survive.
Thompson said clubs in the National League will, between them, require between £15 million and £20 million to keep running and revealed talks are ongoing with the Football Association.
“It is going to require government help. The biggest worry is that so many non-league clubs, they are integral parts of their community. It worries me if these clubs are lost, what will happen going forward,” Thompson said.
“There needs to be a concentrated effort. I don’t think we can expect a bailout from the Premier League or FA, so it needs to be government led.”
It may not be only non-league and lower league teams in England who feel the pinch, with Championship sides Charlton and Blackburn both having endured financial difficulties before the virus.
Millwall are one of the smaller teams in the second tier, with their 13 734 average gate, ranked 18th among the 24 clubs.
The south London side’s chief executive Steve Kavanagh said they have already been wounded by the sudden halt to the season.
“We’re like all other businesses, we’ve been hit hard, but our income stream just stopped overnight,” Kavanagh said.
“Like everybody else, it will have impacts on us. I’m not going to shy away from that. But hopefully if we can all pull together we can find a way through.
“We’ve got an owner who’s been around a long time and I’m sure will help the club as best he can.”
In South Africa, the Premier Soccer League (PSL), is likely to face similar struggles while domestic rugby competitions will also feel the pinch as the world grapples to come to terms with an unprecedented global shutdown. Australian Super Rugby teams will opt for a domestic version of the tournament, starting as early as next month, but the situation remains fluid and even that might yet change.